Prior to the 1890’s all composers’ works were created exclusively for live performance.

The “music industry” consisted of commissions and patronage for churches, royalty, entertainment and special events, writing for opera companies, local live performance such as recitals and concerts, teaching, instrumental performance and publishing of parts and scores.

Then along came the phonograph and there was an explosion of new opportunities for composers to prosper.

THREE QUESTIONS TO PONDER:

1. HOW DID SOME COMPOSERS SUFFER WITH THE DISRUPTION CAUSED BY THE PHONOGRAPH?

2. HOW DID OTHER COMPOSERS PROSPER VIA THIS DISRUPTION?

3. WHAT CHANGES, ADAPTATIONS, VISIONS, AND RISKS DID THOSE WHO PROSPER NEED TO MAKE?

I am so interested in your thoughts and prospectives on these three questions.